Friday, 19 October 2012

Le Gouffre d'Etang Salé

If you're in the area of Etang Salé (on Reunion's south-west coast), one of its most impressive natural sites is the blowhole known as Le Gouffre. We stopped off here last Thursday on our way back from La Fenêtre des Makes.

Le Gouffre is a natural corridor in the basalt cliffs 1km south of Étang-Salé-les-Bains. 

Waves come crashing into the rocky crevice and spurt upwards.

In rough weather the waves produce particularly spectacular plumes of spray, although that wasn't the case on the day we visited.

A consequence of the rocky coastline has been the loss of life: some lost at sea, some suicides - a poignant reminder that the power of the sea should never be underestimated.

Some of the memorial crosses next to Le Gouffre

 This part of the coast is particularly dry.


 The rocky black coastline on either side of Le Gouffre is equally tortured.

coastline slightly south of Le Gouffre

Here's a photo of the same site taken yesterday evening by 'Frog974', a talented amateur photographer (it rather puts my photos to shame!).

Le Gouffre Coordinates: 21° 16′ 50″ South  55° 20′ 26″ East

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Thursday, 11 October 2012

La Fenêtre des Makes

panorama of Cilaos from Fenêtre des Makes viewpoint

After a visit to a forest adventure park at Les Makes, St Louis, at 1300m altitude, we carried on up to La Fenetre des Makes which is a viewpoint over the cirque of Cilaos, 1574m above sea level.

Ilet à Cordes

Although we arrived at midday, as you can see from the photos we had a cloudless blue sky and a wonderful view.

Cilaos town, with the village of Bras Sec to the right

 Fenêtre means 'window' and today its name was well-deserved.

Palmiste Rouge

The viewpoint is about 10 km further uphill from the village known as Les Makes, which is strung out along the road between 900m and 1200m altitude, itself 12km from the town of St Louis.

looking towards the Dimitile

Les Makes is also known for its astronomical observatory, which regularly offers stargazing programmes open to the public.

Gros Morne and Piton des Neiges

looking towards the Col du Taibit (centre)

 I had a good view of the final part of the path I hiked up to Ilet à Cordes in May.

path leading up to Ilet à Cordes

I was also able to quietly approach and take photos of this Reunion Stonechat, a bird endemic to Reunion.

Saxciola tectes / Reunion Stonechat / Tec-tec

Saxciola tectes / Reunion Stonechat / Tec-tec

Useful links:

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Wednesday, 3 October 2012

Hiking in the shadow of the volcano

The area surrounding St Philippe often gets neglected as a hiking destination in favour of Réunion's more challenging sites. This is a shame as trekking in this low-lying part of the island at the foot of Piton de la Fournaise can offer a different perspective of the island.

near the 2007 eruption

We got dropped off by our transport close to the site of the April 2007 eruption, and from there we walked along the quiet main road until we came to the turn-off for 'Le Vieux Port'.

wild vanilla

From here we walked along a track until we reached the coast. St Philippe is prime vanilla-growing area, and a lot grows here wild (there are no pods though, as the vanilla needs to be hand-fertilised to produce any).

wild vanilla growing on a tree-trunk

vanilla flower

'The Old Port'

beach area, Le Vieux Port

We then headed west, walking along the coastal path (Sentier Littoral de St Philippe).

coastal path, St Philippe

Although St Philippe is not at a high altitude its location on the extreme south-east coast means it gets plenty of rain, and so plant life is luxuriant.

wild orchids

more wild orchids

close-up of wild vanilla

The most common tree here is the screwpine (Pandanus utilis), known locally as the vacoa.

The name screwpine comes from the spiral arrangement of the leaves around the branches.

prop root system of vacoa tree

Vacoas have an unusual root system whereby prop roots grow from the stem well above soil level; these roots help to anchor the plant and keep it upright during periods of heavy wind and rain.

young prop root

The young roots have a rather phallic appearance, reinforced by the fact that the root tip is covered by a removable cap!

removable cap on young Vacoa prop root

Vacoas grow well near the sea as they are salt-tolerant. (Another variety, Pandanus montanus, grows in the highlands of Réunion).

interesting root growth

The leaves are long and spiny and make a thick covering when they fall to the ground. They are used for thatching and to make ropes, baskets, mats, hats, place mats, and bags.

a forest floor 'carpet' of Vacoa leaves

The fruit is called a pinpin and can be cooked and eaten. This, together with the tree's leaves and erosion prevention properties, make it a very useful plant to have around.

pinpin, screwpine fruit

close-up of a pinpin segment

Passiflora foetidaWild water lemon / poc-poc

After a while we started to get a clearer view of the coast, which had never been very far, but whose view had often been obscured by vegetation.


We soon came across signs of the 1986 volcanic eruption, which is one of only six recorded eruptions to have taken place outside the main caldera.

The 1986 eruption took place from March 20-29

Mother nature always finds a way to grow back after an eruption!

open-ended lava tunnel

At the time, in 1986, the lava flows enlarged the island by 25 hectares at a place known as La Pointe de la Table, pushing the coast 200 metres out into the sea along a distance of 1.5 km. Since then the sea has battered away at this 'intrusion', and today not much of it is left.

Pointe de la Table

In 1776 an eruption whose lava flows were particularly thick took place. As it slowly cooled the basalt fractured into prismatic shapes which some liken to organ pipe columns.

basalt column cliff, Pointe de la Table


sprouting Fish Poison Tree, known as Bonnet
 in Réunion (literally 'Bishop's Hat')

Ananas bracteatus/Red pineapple/Ananas marron

After hiking for about 12 km we eventually reached a picnic area, where we had lunch before walking a short distance to the main road where our transport was waiting for us.


By the way one of St Philippe's claims to fame is that it is the starting point of the annual Diagonale des Fous aka Grand Raid ultra marathon mountain race. (You can see a video about the race here).

The people of St Philippe enjoy gardening, and walking past their gardens to the main road was a real pleasure, as you can see from these photos.

Useful map:
Piton de la Fournaise (La Reunion) IGN 1:25,000 topographic map 4406 RT

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