Thursday, 27 February 2020

Some Reunion Island & Indian Ocean stamps

The first stamps of Reunion were issued on 1 January 1852. By 1860 there were 15 post offices on the island, and by the second half of the 1860s about 3000 letters were being posted every week.

A French stamp overprinted for use in Reunion,
circa 1900 (source)

The two photos below show stamps that all date from 1942 and commemorate the 300th anniversary of Reunion being claimed for France by Jacques de Pronis. In effect in 1642 Reunion (then known as 'Bourbon' Island) was granted to the newly-created Compagnie d'Orient (one of the fore-runners of the French East India Company) by Cardinal Richelieu. As the governor of the French colony of Fort-Dauphin in Madagascar, Sieur de Pronis had the task of developing the new island concession. In 1643 he exiled 12 mutineers to Bourbon and several years later they were found still alive and healthy.

Note the inset of French King Louis XIII

as previous picture, with a higher face value

These six stamps below also date from 1942 and the commemoration of the 300th anniversary of Reunion's first settlement, but are anachronistic as they show the horticulturalist Pierre Poivre bringing spices to the island. Pierre Poivre lived 1719-1786 and was Intendant of Bourbon and Ile de France (present day Mauritius) 1767-72, so the stamp depicting him in 17th century dress is inappropriate! (By the way the writer Bernardin de St Pierre fell in love with Poivre's young wife Françoise and had her in mind while writing his novel Paul et Virginie). Amongst other things Poivre introduced cloves, lychees, star aniseed and avocados to Bourbon.

1942 stamps showing Pierre Poivre bringing spices to Reunion

as previous picture, with a higher face value

During the period 1949-74 locally produced 15 and 30 centime French stamps surcharged with CFA Francs were used. Since 1st January 1975 normal, unsurcharged French postage stamps have been used.

This 25 centime stamp shows the Barachois area of St Denis

The stamp below was sold on Reunion between January 16th 1960 and May 19th 1962 and was used for sending airmail to Indochina. It has a 1 CFA franc face value and shows the church of Cilaos with the Grand Bénare behind, (although 'Grand Benard' is actually what is printed on the stamp). Bénare means 'very cold place'  in Malagasy.

1960 Cilaos and Grand Bénare stamp

Below is a stamp showing Captain Etienne Regnault and his ship Le Taureau arriving in the Bay of St Paul. It was printed to commemorate the 300th anniversary  of Reunion's permanent settlement.  It was sold between 3rd October 1965 and 18th June 1966 and was used for sending letters in Reunion.

1965 stamp to commemorates the 300th
anniversary of Reunion's permanent settlement

This is a more recent stamp - it was on sale between 8th November 1971 and 7th July 1972. It was used for sending postcards abroad and shows a chameleon.


On 1st October 1975 Reunion stopped printing its own stamps, so any Reunion-related stamps since that date (like the two below) are part of French stamp series.

This Barau's Petrel stamp was on sale from 30th April 2007 until 12th December 2008, and was part of a series of French stamps commemorating protected species from overseas France. It is one of the most recently discovered species of seabird as it was only described in 1964, although it was known to locals prior to that.With the exception of a single nest found on the island of Rodrigues the bulk of the population is thought to nest on Réunion. Their colonies are unusual in being far inland and at high elevations; they dig burrows under the forest at around 2400-2700m above sea level. Barau's petrel is considered to be an endangered species. 

2007 Barau's Petrel stamp

The stamp below went on sale in October 2009 to commemorate the centenary of  Juliette Dodu's death. Born in Reunion, she was a heroine of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, and was the first woman to be awarded the French Legion of Honour.

Monday, 3 February 2020

A round-up of some blog articles about Reunion

While the articles on this blog are written directly by myself, I also work as professional French to English translator and I recently finished translating an interesting series of blog articles about Reunion written by Carole Hoareau. Aimed at tourists to the island, there's lots of useful information in these articles so I thought I'd collect them here for easy access. Most of the titles are self-explanatory and they're listed by order of publication on the blog, first to last. All photos are from the blog.


food in Reunion


Salazie


Bassin des Cormorans


Le Maïdo


frost in Reunion


road in the south of Reunion


an eruption of Piton de la Fournaise volcano 


Kelonia turtle sanctuary, Saint Leu


Mafate


Kaz Insolite, Reunion Island


Sunday, 6 October 2019

Villa Rivière

For European Heritage Days 2019 one of several buildings I visited was Villa Riviere in the town centre of Saint-Paul, on Reunion's west coast. Unlike other buildings that are only open for EHD and are free, Villa Riviere is actually open at other times of the year and there is a fee to visit it, whether or not it's EHD. The entrance charge is well worth it though, as this is one of the most beautiful Creole villas I've ever seen.

front of Villa Rivière 

It was built in the late 18th century in a neoclassical style using stone (basalt) for the building itself and wood for the facade.  The two-storey villa, outbuildings, and garden have been listed as a Historic Monument since 13th March 1990, but have  always remained in private hands.  The house opened to the public for the first time in 2008.

side view of the house front (photo from website)

You are free to visit and take photos of the garden and original kitchen (which is located behind in an outbuilding), but to visit the interior you have to take a tour with a guide and cannot take photos inside the house.

swimming pool

kapok pods, from a kapok tree in the villa garden

kumquats in garden, Villa Riviere 

detail, front verandah 

top floor back verandah 

planter's chair, top floor back verandah 

The house owners are also interested in the arts, and every year since 2014 have organised the "Villa Riviere Prize" which rewards an artist whose work is directly related to the tangible or intangible heritage of Reunion Island. The artwork below is not by one of the prize winners, but simply reflects the owners' interest in contemporary art.

wall artwork, Villa Riviere 

ground floor back veranda, Villa Riviere 

wood flooring, interior (photo from website)

wall covering, interior (photo from website)

At the time of writing this blog post the Villa website is not very well translated into English, but you can nevertheless glean the essential information from it about prices, as well as opening days and times.

Sunday, 25 August 2019

Forêt de Sainte Marguerite

The Forêt de Sainte Marguerite is a forest on the east coast of Reunion, in a highland area of Saint-Benoit known as Saint-François. 

view of the coast from Forêt de Sainte Marguerite

It's located at an elevation of 650 metres and part of it falls within the National Park of Reunion

the green spot show the location of Foret de Sainte-Marguerite 

It's roughly 700 metres wide and 2 kilometres long and to the north is limited by Ravine Saint-François, while to the south it's bordered by Ravine Sainte-Marguerite.


It's considered a 'fragile natural area' in terms of its diversity of plant species, and was created in the late 1970s and mid-80s when Reunion's Departmental Council bought three pieces of land to protect and restore the  unique fauna and flora. 


Today it's managed by the Departmental Council and the APMNEST (an association that protects natural environments in the east of Reunion).


There are over 150 indigenous species of plants as well as lots of Pandanus montanus screwpines and tree ferns.


A nature trail exists, but is no longer very well maintained. There are however several picnic tables, including one with a roof.




The forest is surrounded by agricultural land, including sugar cane, and fields of bananas and pineapple.

field of pineapples 


See also:



Sunday, 11 August 2019

Toronto & Niagara Falls

For our month-long trip to Michigan we flew in and out of Toronto as the airfare was significantly cheaper. So at the start and end of our journey we spent two and three nights respectively in Toronto.  (This was our second trip to Canada, although on the previous occasion in 2003 we'd only been to Quebec). At the start of this trip we were with my brother and his car, and as my husband and I knew we'd be coming back to Toronto by ourselves later we wanted to make the most of having transport. So on our first day we headed north out of Toronto to Georgian Bay, 'bay' being somewhat of a misnomer as this body of water located in north-east Lake Huron is almost as large as another Great Lake, Lake Ontario!

view over part of Georgian Bay and Parry Sound
from a former forest fire outlook tower

Georgian Bay has more than 1,240 miles of granite shoreline and is part of a UNESCO biosphere reserve. Its 30,000 islands make it the world's largest freshwater archipelago and seaplanes are a useful means of transport in the area.

former forest fire outlook tower at Parry Sound 

seaplane at Parry Sound

The following day it was time to head to one of the highlights of our trip, Niagara Falls. Rather than doing a boat trip to the foot of the falls we preferred to fly over them on a short helicopter ride.

our Niagara Falls helicopter 

Niagara Falls from the helicopter, Canadian side to the right

Niagara Falls from the helicopter, Canadian side to the right

Niagara Falls from the helicopter, Canadian side to the left

Niagara Falls from the helicopter, Canadian side to the left

Niagara Falls from the helicopter, Canadian side to the bottom and right

After that we headed to see the falls up close. My brother, who's been to Niagara about 7 or 8 times, said that the plume of spray rising up was one of the highest he'd ever seen.

plume of spray, Niagara Falls 


'Maid of the Mist' boat at the foot of the falls 
looking across to the American side

After admiring the Falls we had lunch at the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake, before heading to Detroit, a 4- to 5-hour drive away. We were back just over three weeks later, having been dropped off at Windsor (a Canadian town on the south bank of the Detroit river directly opposite Detroit) and then taken the train from there. During the 4-hour ride the train stopped at London (of course when you're in Windsor you're never very far from London)!

London, Ontario train station sign

Once back in Toronto we stayed in East Chinatown, which reminded us of our time spent living in Asia.

in Toronto we stayed in East Chinatown, very reminiscent of Asia

We had some time on our first day to get to grips with the (very efficient) Toronto public transport system and visited the Distillery District, a 5-hectare pedestrian only area that was once the world's largest distillery. Its 150-year-old cobblestone streets are now full of restaurants, cafés, bars, galleries, art studios, performance venues and speciality shops.

Distillery District, Detroit 

The next day we headed to the city centre.

Toronto sign at Nathan Philips Square

old City Hall seen from Nathan Philips Square

The old City Hall building was completed in 1899 and now serves as a courthouse since the new City Hall was built in 1960s.

old city hall seen from the front

 Campbell House dates from 1822 and is the oldest remaining building in the city.

Campbell House is a Georgian building

In the afternoon we went to Casa Loma, an Edwardian-style mansion completed in 1914 for a prominent financier and industrialist of the time, Sir Henry Pellatt.

Casa Loma

Unfortunately financial ruin meant that he was forced to leave his 98-room home less than years after is was built.

the 'Scottish Tower', Casa Loma

view of downtown Toronto from the 'Scottish Tower', Casa Loma 

this fully-functioning basement wine cellar holds over 1500 bottles 

After walking through an 800-ft underground tunnel that connects the house to the former stables you reach the small Automotive Museum, which has a collection of early twentieth-century cars. Interestingly the tunnel features an exhibit called 'Toronto’s Dark Side', which tells the story – using archival photographs – of darker days such as Prohibition, The Depression, The Plague, The Great Toronto Fire, and Toronto’s first plane crash.

vintage car in Casa Loma's Automotive Museum 

The next day we didn't do much sight-seeing as we had lunch with a colleague, but nevertheless visited the University District and Kensington Market. The latter is more of a district than an enclosed market, with food shops and secondhand clothes shops. It used to be a Jewish enclave, but now many vendors are West Indian, Portuguese or from elsewhere. Incidentally Toronto is a very cosmopolitan city with 51% of its population having been born outside of Canada (compared with 22% for the country as a whole).

Kensington Market 

spiderman visiting Kensington Market 

We didn't go up Toronto's iconic CN Tower, but admired it from the ground. The tower has 181 storeys and is 553 metres high. It was built in 1976 by the Canadian National Railway and until 2009 was the world's tallest tower and remains the tallest free-standing structure on land in the Western Hemisphere.

CN Tower, Toronto

As our departing flight was only in the evening we had all of our final day to make the most of, and we chose to visit Toronto Islands. These are a chain of 15 small islands and islets that separate the city's Inner Harbour from the rest of Lake Ontario. To reach them you can take a quick ferry ride (10 minutes) to Ward's Island or Centre Island.

view of Toronto from the ferry to Toronto Islands

view of Toronto from the ferry to Toronto Islands

view of Toronto from the ferry to Toronto Islands

Service vehicles are the only cars allowed on the island and biking is a popular way of getting around, although we chose to walk. We particularly enjoyed strolling along the 2.5 km boardwalk from Ward's Island to Centre Island. 

view of Toronto from Centre Island

On a final note, there were a lot of murals where we were staying in East Chinatown. One of them was of the Mexican archaeological site Chichen Itza, reminding us of our trip there in January just a few months previously!

Chichen Itza mural in East Chinatown, Toronto